Septic System Basics Everyone Must Know

Septic systems are considered on-site tools for safe disposal of sanitary biological waste. Gray water is part of the waste cycle, as household waste, but it may not result in biological pollution. However, there’s still a need to address surplus gray water as it affects the septic system’s structure.

But how do you handle septic systems? The septic system basically works as a holding tank where normal bacterial activity breaks down human waste materials into biologically suitable components. Its main components being liquid combines with some other components that are not readily absorbed by bacterial action, such as gasses and non-digested solids. The finished products are then discharged on-site, except for undigested solids.

What are the Septic System Components?

The most noticeable elements are those seen daily, such as sinks, showers, and drains in a normal house. Overhead problems are not visible. The artifacts below and the ground itself have a significant impact on how the septic system functions.

Septic tank, storage tube, and leaching area are all process components. Bacterial action occurs in the septic tank, where the final products are mainly water, gasses, and undigested meat. Collectively, they are called sludge, which falls to the bottom of the tank and sediment floating to the top of the tank.

How Does Septic Systems Work?

The septic tank includes baffles that prevent dirt from slipping out of the tank floating to the surface and sludge settling down. The plumbing exhaust system introduces gasses into the air. The treated and relatively clean water streams from the septic tank into a small container where it is moved to several perforated pipes.

Such perforated tubes then carry the water to a wide earth surface, called a leaching area. Soil often acts as a reservoir to remove any small quantity of solids that can be converted to water. The sludge at the tank base must be regularly washed and properly disposed of. There are other forms or methods used for special situations, but the septic tank and leach field is often the most commonly employed method.

Where are Septic Systems Installed?

A septic tank is buried in the ground, usually at least 10 inches from the building. Usually, the septic tank base is about one foot below the ground surface, so it can be withdrawn periodically for screening and pumping. The first step is to see where the sewer pipe leaves the house if you don’t know where the tank is. The pipe passes through a cellar building’s roof.

Locating an exit point for a house without a basement may be more challenging. If the tube drain can be located, the tank will normally start outside the wall and 10 inches from the door in line with the tower sewer pipe.

How to Fix Septic System Problems

If you want to install a new septic tank on your property, then you’ll need the services of a septic installer North Port. They’ll help you out with the project, from design to construction. Depending on the package that you bought, they may also be the one doing the maintenance tasks on the septic tank.